Adaptation or Extinction: Animals and Climate Change


Global climate change has been implicated in the extinction of some animal species, changes in the geographic ranges of others, and many species appear to be increasingly vulnerable to both biotic (e.g. disease, competitors) and abiotic (e.g. temperature, acidification, pollutants, drought) stressors. Will different animal species adapt to global climate change or disappear? What influences their survival? Is variation among individuals in a population a substrate for adapting to changes in the environment or are these changes occurring too rapidly? We will examine these questions in discussions of papers from the primary literature. Students will design and conduct research projects informed by the questions we discuss. 


Tues., Fri. 8:30-10:20 a.m.

Helpful links for first assignment:

Course Requirements: see how to read and facilitate (download this!)
    1-attend all classes and be well-prepared
    2-read assignments AND take notes
    3-browse current journals
    4-in class discussion (facilitate and participate) This is a discussion class.  You are to talk to each other during class.
    5-research project:
Think about variables that are changing due to anthropomorphic activities and generate your research in that context.        
        Independent variables that affect animals
        Dependent variables we can measure
        Animals we can study

         By midterm:
                -things to consider during proposal presentation
                -research proposal with literature cited -due  (TBA)    
         Final work:
                poster (instructions)
                paper in format of any journal we've read in which the references are embedded in the text (e.g. Jones et al, 2015)
               -organization of final paper


Adaptation, speciation, and extinction in the anthropocene (2018)

Worldwide decline of the entomofauna: a review of its drivers (2019)

Towards a mechanistic understanding of the responses of large terrestrial mammals to heat and aridity associated with climate change (2019)

The global decline of freshwater megafauna (2019)

Toward a conceptual synthesis for climate change responses (2012)6

The Anthropocene: From Global Change to Planetary Stewardship (2011)

The Impact of Climate Change on the World’s Marine Ecosystems (2010)

Impacts of ocean acidification on marine fauna and ecosystem processes (2008)

Baselines and degradation of coral reefs in the northern line islands (2008
Marine defaunation: animal loss in the global ocean (2015)
Applying evolutionary biology to global challenges (2014)
Adaptation, plasticity, and extinction in a changing environment (2010)
        Estimating heritability
Climate change and evolutionary adaptation (2011) 

Evolutionary response of the egg hatching date of a herbivorous insect under climate change (2012)

Identifying the world's most climate change vulnerable species: a systematic trait-based assessment of all birds, amphibians, and corals (2013)

Climate change and unequal phenological changes across four trophic levels: constraints or adaptations (2009)

Integrating biophysical models and evolutionary theory to predict climatic impacts on species’ ranges: the dengue mosquito Aedes aegypti in Australia (2009)
Lizards from urban areas are more asymmetric: using fluctuating asymmetry to evaluate environmental disturbance (2013)

Energetic Extremes in Aquatic Locomotion by Coral Reef Fishes (2013)
Climate change and frog calls: long-term correlations along a tropical altitudinal gradient (2014)
Early emergence in a butterfly causally linked to anthropogenic warming (2010

Ant-mediated seed dispersal in a warmed world (2014)

Proximity to agriculture is correlated with pesticide tolerance: evidence for the evolution of amphibian resistance to modern pesticides. (2013)

Pesticide tolerance in amphibians: induced tolerance in susceptible populations, constitutive tolerance in tolerant populations. (2013)

Heterotrophic plasticity and resilience and bleached corals (2006)
The cumulative impact of annual coral bleaching can turn some coral species winners into losers (2014)

Invasive species

Significant changes in the skin microbiome mediated by the sport of roller derby (2014)

Invasive Indo-Pacific lionfish Pterois volitans reduce recruitment of Atlantic coral-reef fishes (2008)

Effects of invasive Pacific red lionfish Pterois volitans versus a native predator on Bahamian coral-reef fish communities (2013)

Re-examining the relationship between invasive lionfish and native grouper in the Caribbean (2014)
Double trouble: the expansion of the suez canal and marine bioinvasions in the Mediterranean sea (2014)

Modelling species distributions without using species distributions (2008)

Geographical range, heat tolerance and invasion success in aquatic species (2015)


Heatwaves diminish the survival of a subtidal gastropod through reduction in energy budget and depletion of energy reserves (2017)
*****A physiological trait-based approach to predicting the responses of species to experimental climate warming (2012

Warming increases the top-down effects and metabolism of a subtidal herbivore (2013)

Thermal-safety margins and the necessity of thermoregulatory behavior across latitude and elevation (2015)

Acute physiological responses of the freshwater snail (2009)

Physiological basis for high CO2 tolerance in marine ectothermic animals (2009)

             Acid-base background
Differences in critical thermal maxima and mortality across life stages of the mealworm beetle Tenebrio molitor (2012)

Odor tracking in sharks is reduced under future ocean acidification conditions (2014)

Thermal tolerance breadths among groundwater crustaceans living in a thermally constant environment (2013)
Climate Change Affects Marine Fishes Through the
Oxygen Limitation of Thermal Tolerance (2007)
Phenotypic plasticity mediates climate change responses among invasive and indigenous arthropods (2015)
Is adaptation to climate change really constrained in niche specialists? (2014)

Decadal changes and delayed avian species losses due to deforestation in the northern Neotropics (2013)

Changes in the timing of departure and arrival of Irish migrant waterbirds (2015)

**Climate Change, Multiple Stressors, and the Decline of Ectotherms (2012)

Microgeographic maladaptive performance and deme depression in response to roads and runoff (2013)
Global metabolic impacts of recent climate warming (2010)
Effects of road de-icing salt (NaCl) on larval wood frogs (Rana sylvatica) 2006

Integrating metabolic performance, thermal tolerance, and plasticity enables for more accurate predictions on species vulnerability to acute and chronic effects of global warming (2014)

Thermal niche variation among individuals of the poison frog, Oophaga pumlio, in forest and converted habitats (2019)

Cool papers for research ideas
Maximizing the wildlife conservation value of road right-of-ways in an agriculturally dominated landscape (2015)
The body temperature of active amphibians along a tropical elevation gradient (2013)

Modelling species distributions without using species distributions2008 (cane toads in Australia)
Do the numbers and locations of road-killed anuran carcasses accurately reflect impacts of vehicular traffic? (2014)

The Effects of Temperature, Body Size, and Hydration State on the Terrestrial Locomotion of the Crayfish Orconectes rusticus (2000)
The effects of metals on embryo-larval and adult life stages of the sea urchin, Diadema antillarum. (2005)
 Assessing insect responses to climate change: what are we testing for? Where should we be heading? (2013)
Local adaptation to road adjacency in an amphibian (2012)
Effects of Ocean Acidification on Learning in Coral Reef Fishes (2012)