How do animals work?
Fall 2018
Mon., Thurs. 8:10 am - 10:00 am
  Wed. lab 2:10 pm - 5:00 pm
Elizabeth (Betsy) Sherman, Ph.D.
Dickinson 108

THIS WEBSITE IS UPDATED FREQUENTLY (so be sure to check it frequently)


Consult the textbook by Raven and Johnson that is linked to our populi page.
Text pages listed below.

From atoms to traits
(Text pp. 8-16)
Evolution (Text pp. below)
Excellent animations of essential cellular processes
    DNA replication
    Transcription and translation
Importance of mutations1
Importance of mutations2
The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online

Evolution website at UC Berkeley

Diversity and Evolution
(Text pp. below)
Darwin's Finches and Industrial Melanism
Study confirms evolution of industrial melanism
    Avian vision
The Peppered Moth-revisited-Ken Miller
          short video: peppered moth
Selective bird predation
Finch evolution
          short video: diversity in finches of the Galapagos
Heritability problem  show your work; make graphs by hand and label axes
One common ancestor for blue eyes
Speciation of Amazonian rats
       Spiny rat question

Beneficial mutations
Regulating evolution

What is a species?
Unclassified, the species question
Opposition to evolution

Animal Diversity (Text pp. below)
Cnidaria and Platyhelminthes
    899-911 Mollusca and Annelida (protostome phyla)
    913-931 Arthropoda (protostome phyla)
    933-939 Echinodermata (deuterostome phylum)
    945-979 Chordata (deuterostome phylum)

The Scientist Who Scrambled Darwin’s Tree of Life
Animal Tree of Life (2013)
Tree of life
Uprooting the tree of life
Origin of form
Origin of segmentation
University of California Museum of Paleontology
University of Michigan Museum of Zoology--superb site: phylogeny, characteristics and photos
Test your knowledge of animal diversity Cornell University
Betsy's animal phylogeny ppt

E.O. Wilson on conservation

Laws of Thermodynamics (Text pp. 144-148)
laws of thermodynamics
    bean simulation
relationship to life on planet
    Sustaining the variety of life

Homeostasis (Text pp. 1174-1177)

regulation of body function
    Water (Text pp. 28-32)
     properties of water
     ice simulation
    temperature regulation 1-by Knut Schmidt-Nielsen
    temperature regulation 2-by Knut Schmidt-Nielsen
    Evolution of fever
    Thermoregulation in bees
    Frozen and alive

(Text pp.104-107, 112-119, 1180-1185)
Frogs and toads of the desert
water and solute movement
excretory systems
A long drink of water

Social Behavior (Text pp.562-565)
Goodbye nature vs. nurture
    Bugs and the brain
    sociality and the evolution of altruism
            Units of selection-from: Goldsmith and Zimmerman
            Social insects
            Kin recognition
            Animal economics
            Orangutan intelligence
            Why we help


Readings will be taken from the literature, the online text, and from reliable scientific sites on the internet.

Students are expected to come to class prepared, having read the assignment carefully so that they can participate in discussions. MAKE HARDCOPIES OF THE ASSIGNED READINGS (except for the text). READ THE ASSIGNMENT MORE THAN ONCE. TAKE HAND-WRITTEN NOTES. READING A PAPER WELL IS HARD WORK.
-what is the author's question?
-why did the author think the question is important? (That is, what is the context of the question).
-what did the author do in order to address the question (this is relevant in reports of research rather than review articles)
-what do the graphs and figures mean? (note dependent and independent variables)
-what did the author conclude?
-are you persuaded? Why or why not. Be specific.
-complete this sentence (in one sentence only, using your own words): The thesis of the author is...........

Attendance is required. There is no particular number of classes that you are permitted to miss. If I feel that your commitment to the work is insufficient, you will be asked to leave. Do not be late for class as it disrupts all of us. Students will write two or three essay problem sets. From time to time, I may give a brief quiz on the assigned reading at the beginning of a class.Students will be permitted to use their written notes for these quizzes (e.g. not on computer, not a copy of the assigned reading). Late papers will not be accepted. All of the assigned work must be completed in order to pass this course. If you must miss a class it is your responsibility to get the assignment and come to the next class prepared. Please do not email me or leave phone messages for trivial matters (e.g. is it ok for me to be late...can you put the assignment in my box...etc.). Please check my office hours (posted outside my office, Dickinson 108) or make an appointment with me at the end of class. 

-attend lab and maintain lab notebook

-submit research proposal before midterm-due in lab     

-conduct research project

-2 or 3 essay exams: late papers not accepted

-presentation on research

Ideas for Research Projects