How do animals work?
THIS WEBSITE IS UPDATED FREQUENTLY (so be sure to check it
Mon., Thurs. 8:10 am - 10:00 am
Wed. lab 2:10 pm - 5:00 pm
Elizabeth (Betsy) Sherman, Ph.D.
Consult the textbook by Raven and Johnson that is linked to
our populi page.
pages listed below.
atoms to traits
Darwin (Text pp. 8-16)
Evolution (Text pp. below)
Excellent animations of essential cellular processes
The Complete Work of Charles
at UC Berkeley
Diversity and Evolution (Text pp. below)
and Industrial Melanism
confirms evolution of industrial melanism
Peppered Moth-revisited-Ken Miller
short video: peppered moth
short video: diversity
in finches of the Galapagos
problem show your
work; make graphs by hand and label axes
ancestor for blue eyes
Speciation of Amazonian rats
What is a species?
Unclassified, the species question
Opposition to evolution
Animal Diversity (Text pp. below)
886-897 Cnidaria and Platyhelminthes
899-911 Mollusca and Annelida (protostome
913-931 Arthropoda (protostome phyla)
933-939 Echinodermata (deuterostome
945-979 Chordata (deuterostome phylum)
The Scientist Who Scrambled Darwin’s Tree of Life
Animal Tree of Life
Tree of life
the tree of life
Origin of form
Museum of Paleontology
of Michigan Museum of Zoology--superb site: phylogeny,
characteristics and photos
your knowledge of animal diversity Cornell University
Betsy's animal phylogeny ppt
E.O. Wilson on conservation
Laws of Thermodynamics (Text pp. 144-148)
laws of thermodynamics
relationship to life on planet
variety of life
Homeostasis (Text pp. 1174-1177)
regulation of body function
Water (Text pp. 28-32)
regulation 1-by Knut Schmidt-Nielsen
temperature regulation 2-by Knut Schmidt-Nielsen
Evolution of fever
Osmoregulation (Text pp.104-107, 112-119, 1180-1185)
Frogs and toads of the
and solute movement
long drink of water
Social Behavior (Text pp.562-565)
Goodbye nature vs.
Bugs and the brain
sociality and the evolution of altruism
Units of selection-from:
Why we help
Readings will be taken from the literature, the online
text, and from reliable scientific sites on the internet.
Students are expected to come to class prepared,
having read the assignment carefully so that they can participate
in discussions. MAKE HARDCOPIES OF THE ASSIGNED READINGS
(except for the text). READ THE ASSIGNMENT MORE THAN ONCE. TAKE
HAND-WRITTEN NOTES. READING A PAPER WELL IS HARD WORK.
-what is the author's question?
-why did the author think the question is important? (That is,
what is the context of the question).
-what did the author do in order to address the question (this
is relevant in reports of research rather than review articles)
-what do the graphs and figures mean? (note dependent and
-what did the author conclude?
-are you persuaded? Why or why not. Be specific.
-complete this sentence (in one sentence only, using your own
words): The thesis of the author is...........
Attendance is required. There is no particular number of
classes that you are permitted to miss. If I feel that your
commitment to the work is insufficient, you will be asked to
leave. Do not be late for class as it disrupts all of us. Students
will write two or three essay problem sets. From time to time, I
may give a brief quiz on the assigned reading at the beginning of
a class.Students will be permitted to use their
written notes for these quizzes (e.g. not on computer, not a
copy of the assigned reading). Late papers will not
be accepted. All of the assigned work must be completed in order
to pass this course. If you must miss a class it is your
responsibility to get the assignment and come to the next class
prepared. Please do not email me or leave phone messages
for trivial matters (e.g. is it ok for me to be late...can you put
the assignment in my box...etc.). Please check my office hours
(posted outside my office, Dickinson 108) or make an appointment
with me at the end of class.
-attend lab and maintain lab notebook
research proposal before midterm-due in lab
-conduct research project
-2 or 3 essay exams: late papers not accepted
-presentation on research
Ideas for Research